It’s our pleasure to publish, with the author’s permission, this important contribution by Shaun
Gallagher and Rebecca
(in press). Heidegger and social cognition. In J. Kiverstein and M. Wheeler (eds.), Heidegger and Cognitive Science. London: Palgrave-Macmillan.
Philosophy and Cognitive Sciences and the Institute of Simulation and Training University of Central Florida (USA) and Philosophy Department University of Hertfordshire (UK)
Rebecca Seté Jacobson
he had to make, but one that he never really got behind…
[It] is, in truth, a very weak idea of the other … (Gadamer 2004, 23)
«Perhaps the most influential part of Heidegger’s analysis of human existence (Dasein) for the cognitive sciences is his concept of readiness‐to‐hand (Zuhandenheit) where he shows that our primary stance toward the world, or our primary way of being‐in‐the‐world, is to be pragmatically involved in everyday contexts. This analysis directly inspires the rich embodied account of action in Merleau‐Ponty, is strongly reflected in Dreyfus’s critique of artificial intelligence, and resonates well with both the Gibsonian concept of affordances, and recent enactive accounts of perception and action. One of the important implications of this analysis is that overly cognitive accounts of human existence, which emphasize our internal mental representations of the objective world, and which both the philosophical tradition and cognitive science have treated as central, should be regarded as something derived and secondary.
The argument that we put forward in this chapter is that, in a similar way, Heidegger’s analysis of being‐with (Mitsein) goes some distance towards a more adequate account of social cognition than is found in the standard and dominant theories of contemporary cognitive science, but that in this case his analysis does not go far enough and misses something of importance. Furthermore, what Heidegger overlooks in his analysis of being‐with also has some implications for how he conceives of readiness‐to‐hand. Finally, we’ll suggest that this same inadequacy is reflected in the analyses of those who pursue a Heideggerian approach in several related areas of cognitive science. (…) ». (read more)
Download Heidegger and social cognition by Shaun Gallagher and Rebecca Seté Jacobson (in press). In J. Kiverstein and M. Wheeler (eds.), Heidegger and Cognitive Science. London: Palgrave-Macmillan. (Pdf format)
The article is available also on Ph.lab Media Library/E-book